Sindh, The Land Of Rich History And Culture: A Comprehensive Travel Guide To Sindh
Sindh, located in the southern part of Pakistan, is a region of rich history and culture that is waiting to be explored by travelers from all around the world. From the ancient ruins of Mohenjo-Daro to the bustling streets of Karachi, Sindh offers a unique blend of history, culture, and natural beauty that will leave any traveler in awe.
As the birthplace of the Indus Valley Civilization, Sindh has a deep historical significance and has been home to a variety of different cultures over the centuries. Today, the province boasts a unique fusion of Sindhi, Balochi, and Muhajir cultures, all of which contribute to the vibrant and diverse landscape of Sindh.
In this comprehensive travel guide to Sindh, we’ll take you on a journey through Sindh, showcasing its most notable attractions and highlighting the best things to see and do in the region. Whether you’re interested in exploring ancient ruins, sampling delicious local cuisine, or soaking up the stunning natural beauty of the region, Sindh has something for everyone. So let’s dive in and discover the wonders of Sindh, the land of rich history and culture.
Exploring The Famous Cities Of Sindh
We’re starting our travel guide to Sindh by Exploring the Famous cities of Sindh. Let’s have a look. This region has been inhabited for thousands of years and has been a center of civilization and trade for much of that time. with several cities of historical, cultural, and economic importance. Some of the major cities of Sindh are.
Karachi, the largest city in Pakistan, is a bustling metropolis that is often referred to as the “City of Lights.” It is the financial and industrial hub of Pakistan and a melting pot of cultures. The city is famous for its beaches, parks, shopping centers, and lively nightlife. The National Museum of Pakistan, Clifton Beach, and the Karachi Zoo are some of the must-visit places in Karachi.
Hyderabad is a historical city that was once the capital of Sindh. It is famous for its beautiful architecture, including the Charminar, the historic fort, and the tombs of the Talpur Mirs. Hyderabad is also known for its traditional bangles and delicious biryani.
Thatta, located 98 km east of Karachi, is a historical town that was once a major center of Islamic culture and learning. It is home to the Shah Jahan Mosque, which is one of the most beautiful examples of Islamic architecture in Pakistan. Thatta is also known for its vibrant handicraft industry, which produces beautiful pottery and textiles.
Sukkur is a city located on the banks of the Indus River. It is famous for its iconic bridge, the Lansdowne Bridge, which was built during the British Raj. The city is also home to the Sukkur Barrage, which is a major source of irrigation in the region. Sukkur is also known for its traditional handicrafts, including pottery, textiles, and Ajrak.
Larkana is a historical city that is known for its association with the Indus Valley Civilization. It is home to the Mohenjo-daro archaeological site, which is one of the most important sites of the Indus Valley Civilization. Larkana is also known for its delicious cuisine, which includes dishes like Sai Bhaji and Sindhi Biryani.
Mirpurkhas is a city located in the eastern part of Sindh. It is famous for its beautiful mango orchards, which produce some of the best mangoes in the world. The city is also known for its traditional handicrafts, including block printing and weaving.
Khairpur is a city located in northern Sindh, known for its beautiful architecture and rich cultural heritage. It is home to the Faiz Mahal, a beautiful palace built in the 18th century, and the Khairpur Museum, which houses a collection of artifacts from the Talpur dynasty. Khairpur is also famous for its traditional handicrafts, including pottery, textiles, and Ajrak
Historical Sites Of Sindh
We are moving forward to the Historical Sites of Sindh in our Travel guide to Sindh. Sindh is a province with rich history and culture. As a result, Sindh is home to a wealth of historical sites and monuments that reflect the region’s rich past.
- Mohenjo Daro
If there is one historical place you’d find in every ‘Historical sites of Sindh’ list in the Travel Guide to Sindh, It would be Mohejo Daro. Mohenjo Daro is an archaeological site that dates back to the Indus Valley Civilization. It is located in the Larkana district of Sindh and is one of the most significant archaeological sites in the world. Mohenjo Daro was discovered in the 1920s and has since been extensively excavated, revealing a well-planned city with advanced sewage and drainage systems, a granary, and an impressive public bath.
- Makli Necropolis
The Makli Necropolis is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the largest cemeteries in the world. It is located in the city of Thatta and contains the graves of over a million people, including kings, queens, and saints. The site is known for its intricate funerary architecture, which is a fusion of Islamic, Hindu, and Persian styles.
Bhambore is an ancient city located near the Arabian Sea, about 60 kilometers from Karachi. The city was founded by the Rai dynasty in the 1st century AD and was an important trading port during the Arab conquest of Sindh. The site contains the ruins of the city’s walls, gates, and other structures, as well as a museum that showcases artifacts from the site.
- Chaukhandi Tombs
The Chaukhandi Tombs are a group of tombs located in the Thatta district of Sindh. The tombs date back to the 15th and 18th centuries and are known for their intricate sandstone carvings, which depict geometric patterns, Arabic calligraphy, and images of animals and people. The site is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is considered to be one of the finest examples of Islamic funerary art in the world.
- Shah Jahan Mosque
The Shah Jahan Mosque is a 17th-century mosque located in Thatta. The mosque was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, who is also known for building the Taj Mahal in India. The mosque is an impressive example of Mughal architecture, with its domes, minarets, and intricate tilework.
- Rani Bagh
Rani Bagh is a historic garden located in Hyderabad, Sindh. The garden dates back to the 19th century and is known for its beautiful landscaping, fountains, and historic buildings. The garden was built by the Talpur dynasty and was used as a summer retreat by the ruling family. Today, it is a popular tourist attraction and a great place to relax and enjoy the natural beauty of Sindh.
- Hala Haveli
Hala Haveli is a 19th-century mansion located in the city of Hala, which is known for its traditional handicrafts. The mansion is an excellent example of the traditional architecture of Sindh, with its large courtyards, intricate tilework, and ornate wooden carvings.
- Ranikot Fort
Also known as the Great Wall of Sindh, Ranikot Fort is one of the largest forts in the world, spanning over 26 kilometers. It is believed to have been built during the 17th century and is still an impressive architectural marvel today.
- Kot Diji Fort
Kot Diji Fort is a 17th-century fort located in Khairpur District, Sindh. It was built to protect the local population from invasions and remains a popular tourist attraction today.
- Chaukhandi Tombs:
The Chaukhandi Tombs are a series of unique sandstone tombs located on the outskirts of Karachi. They date back to the 15th and 18th centuries and feature intricate carvings and designs.
Things to do in Sindh
Sindh is a province of vibrant culture and breathtaking landscapes. It is a land of ancient civilizations, vibrant bazaars, and stunning beaches. With so much to see and do, it can be overwhelming for tourists to plan their itinerary. explore some of the top things to do in Sindh for tourists.
- Visit the Mohenjo-Daro Archaeological Site
Mohenjo-Daro is an ancient city that dates back to 2500 BCE and is one of the most important archaeological sites in the world. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and offers a glimpse into the ancient Indus Valley Civilization.
- Explore the Thar Desert
The Thar Desert is one of the largest deserts in the world and is located in Sindh. It is a popular destination for tourists who want to experience the desert culture and traditions of Sindh. Visitors can take a camel ride, enjoy the local food, and explore the traditional villages.
- Relax at the Beaches
Sindh is home to some of the most stunning beaches in Pakistan. The most popular beach in Sindh is Clifton Beach, which is located in Karachi. Visitors can enjoy swimming, surfing, and sunbathing while admiring the beautiful Arabian Sea.
- Visit the Shrines
Sindh is known for its rich Sufi culture, and there are several shrines that are worth visiting. Some of the popular shrines in Sindh include the Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai shrine in Matiari and the Lal Shahbaz Qalandar shrine in Sehwan Sharif.
- Explore the Bazaars
Sindh is famous for its vibrant bazaars that offer a wide range of handicrafts, textiles, and souvenirs. The most popular bazaars in Sindh include Empress Market in Karachi and the Shahi Bazaar in Hyderabad.
- Enjoy the Food
Sindh is known for its delicious food, which is a fusion of Indian, Persian, and Central Asian cuisines. Some of the popular dishes in Sindh include biryani, haleem, and sajji.
- Visit the National Museum of Pakistan
The National Museum of Pakistan is located in Karachi and is one of the largest museums in Pakistan. It houses a vast collection of artifacts that date back to the ancient Indus Valley Civilization.
What To Buy In Sindh
Shopping in Sindh is a unique experience, as visitors can find a range of traditional and modern items, from handicrafts to luxury brands. Below, we will explore some of the top items to shop for in Sindh.
Ajrak is a traditional block-printed shawl that is native to Sindh. It is made by hand using natural dyes and block-printing techniques. The designs on the shawls are often intricate and feature geometric patterns and motifs. Ajrak is a popular souvenir among tourists, and visitors can find them at local markets and bazaars in Sindh.
- Sindhi Topi
Sindhi Topi is a traditional cap that is commonly worn by men in Sindh. It is made of cotton or silk and is often embroidered with colorful threads. The cap is a symbol of Sindhi culture and is worn at weddings, festivals, and other important occasions. Visitors to Sindh can purchase Sindhi Topis at local markets and bazaars.
Sindh is known for its handmade handicrafts, such as pottery, carpets, and embroidered fabrics. Visitors can find a range of handmade items at local markets and bazaars in Sindh. The handicrafts often feature intricate designs and motifs, making them unique and special.
Sindh is also famous for its traditional jewelry, which features colorful stones and intricate designs. Visitors can find a range of jewelry at local markets and bazaars, including bangles, earrings, and necklaces.
- Traditional Clothing
Sindh is known for its traditional clothing, such as shalwar kameez, saris, and kurta pajamas. Visitors can find a range of fabrics, designs, and styles at local markets and bazaars in Sindh. Traditional clothing in Sindh often features bright colors and intricate embroidery.
Sindh is also known for its unique spices, which are used in local dishes such as biryani and kebabs. Visitors can find a range of spices at local markets and bazaars in Sindh, including cumin, coriander, and turmeric.
Sindh is home to a variety of handmade carpets, which feature intricate designs and are often made from wool or silk. Visitors can find a range of carpets at local markets and bazaars in Sindh, which make for unique and special souvenirs.
Exploring the natural beauty of Sindh
Sindh is a land of diverse landscapes and natural beauty. The region is known for its vast deserts, rugged mountains, fertile plains, and pristine beaches. Sindh offers visitors a unique and fascinating experience to enjoy the natural beauty and relax. There is something for everyone in Sindh. So come and discover the breathtaking natural wonders of this fascinating region, and experience the warmth and hospitality of its people. These are the natural beauties of sindh
- Keenjhar Lake
Keenjhar Lake is a natural freshwater lake that is located in Thatta, Sindh. The lake is considered one of the largest freshwater lakes in Pakistan and is a popular tourist destination. Visitors can enjoy boating, fishing, and other recreational activities at the lake. The lake is also home to a variety of bird species, making it a popular destination for birdwatchers.
- Kirthar Mountains
The Kirthar Mountains are a mountain range that is located in Jamshoro, Sindh. The range is known for its stunning landscapes and diverse wildlife. Visitors can enjoy hiking, camping, and other outdoor activities in the mountains. The Kirthar National Park is also located in the range, offering visitors a glimpse into the natural beauty of the region.
- Gorakh Hill
Gorakh Hill is a hill station that is located in Dadu, Sindh. The hill station is known for its natural beauty and stunning landscapes. Visitors can enjoy hiking, camping, and other outdoor activities in the hill station. Gorakh Hill is also home to a variety of wildlife, making it a popular destination for nature lovers.
- Churna Island
Churna Island is a small island that is located off the coast of Karachi, Sindh. The island is known for its pristine waters and diverse marine life. Visitors can enjoy snorkeling, scuba diving, and other water activities on the island. The island is also home to a variety of bird species, making it a popular destination for birdwatchers.
- Manora Island
Manora Island is a small island that is located off the coast of Karachi, Sindh. The island is known for its beautiful beaches and historical landmarks. Visitors can enjoy swimming, sunbathing, and other beach activities on the island. The island is also home to the Manora Fort, a historical landmark that offers stunning views of the surrounding waters.
- Kund Malir Beach
Kund Malir Beach is a beautiful beach that is located in Balochistan province but its entrance is through Sindh province. The beach is known for its pristine waters and stunning landscapes. Visitors can enjoy swimming, sunbathing, and other beach activities at the beach. The beach is also home to a variety of bird species, making it a popular destination for birdwatchers.
- Hingol National Park
Hingol National Park is a natural park that is located in the Balochistan province but its entrance is through Sindh province. The park is known for its diverse wildlife and stunning landscapes. Visitors can enjoy hiking, camping, and other outdoor activities in the park. The park is also home to the Hingol River, a popular destination for nature lovers.
- Manchar Lake
Manchar Lake is the largest freshwater lake in Pakistan and one of the largest in Asia. It is located in the west of the province, near the town of Sehwan Sharif. The lake is fed by several small streams and the Indus River, and it serves as a major source of water for the surrounding areas. The lake is also home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, including several species of fish, birds, and aquatic plants.
- The Indus river
The Indus River, on the other hand, is one of the longest rivers in Asia, with a total length of over 3,180 kilometers. It is the lifeline of Pakistan, as it provides water for irrigation, hydropower generation, and other industrial and agricultural activities. The river flows through the entire length of the country, from the Himalayas in the north to the Arabian Sea in the south.
Where to stay in Sindh
Sindh has a lot to offer. When it comes to choosing accommodation, the province offers a range of options, including budget and luxury hotels. In this article, we will take a closer look at where to stay in Sindh, including five budget hotels and five luxury hotels.
Luxury Hotels of sindh
- Pearl Continental Hotel Karachi
Pearl Continental Hotel Karachi is a luxury hotel located in the heart of Karachi, offering 286 rooms and suites equipped with modern amenities such as flat-screen TVs, free Wi-Fi, and minibars. The hotel also features four restaurants, a coffee shop, a fitness center, an outdoor swimming pool, and a spa.
- Marriott Hotel Karachi
Marriott Hotel Karachi is another luxury hotel located in the heart of Karachi, offering 217 rooms and suites equipped with modern amenities such as flat-screen TVs, free Wi-Fi, and minibars. The hotel also features four restaurants, a coffee shop, a fitness center, an outdoor swimming pool, and a spa.
- Indus Hotel Hyderabad
Indus Hotel Hyderabad is a luxury hotel located in the heart of Hyderabad, offering 70 well-appointed rooms and suites equipped with modern amenities such as flat-screen TVs, free Wi-Fi, and minibars. The hotel also features three restaurants, a fitness center, a spa, and an outdoor swimming pool.
- Serena Hotel Quetta
Serena Hotel Quetta is a luxury hotel located in the heart of Quetta, offering 85 rooms and suites equipped with modern amenities such as flat-screen TVs, free Wi-Fi, and minibars. The hotel also features two restaurants, a coffee shop, a fitness center, an outdoor swimming pool, and a spa.
- Movenpick Hotel Karachi
Movenpick Hotel Karachi is a luxury hotel located in the heart of Karachi, offering 407 rooms and suites equipped with modern amenities such as flat-screen TVs, free Wi-Fi, and minibars. The hotel also features four restaurants, a coffee shop, a fitness center, an outdoor swimming pool, and a spa.
Budget Hotels of sindh
- Hotel Faran Karachi
Hotel Faran Karachi is a budget hotel located in the heart of Karachi, offering 38 well-appointed rooms equipped with amenities such as air conditioning, free Wi-Fi, and flat-screen TVs. The hotel also features a restaurant, a coffee shop, and a 24-hour front desk.
- Al-Manzar Hotel Hyderabad
Al-Manzar Hotel Hyderabad is a budget hotel located in the heart of Hyderabad, offering 33 well-appointed rooms equipped with amenities such as air conditioning, free Wi-Fi, and flat-screen TVs. The hotel also features a restaurant, a 24-hour front desk, and laundry services.
- Grace Inn Hotel Karachi
Grace Inn Hotel Karachi is a budget hotel located in the heart of Karachi, offering 22 well-appointed rooms equipped with amenities such as air conditioning, free Wi-Fi, and flat-screen TVs. The hotel also features a restaurant and a 24-hour front desk.
- Al-Mustafa Guest House Larkana
Al-Mustafa Guest House Larkana is a budget hotel located in the heart of Larkana, offering 21 well-appointed rooms equipped with amenities such as air conditioning, free Wi-Fi, and flat-screen TVs. The hotel also features a restaurant and a 24-hour front desk.
- Hotel Crown Inn Sukkur
Hotel Crown Inn Sukkur is a budget hotel located in the heart of Sukkur, offering 35 well-appointed rooms equipped with amenities such as air conditioning, free Wi-Fi
Famous Local Cuisines Of Sindh
Sindh is known for its rich and diverse cuisine that reflects the cultural influences of the region’s history. The cuisine of Sindh is a fusion of indigenous flavors and influences from neighboring regions such as Punjab, Balochistan, and Gujarat. Sindh’s cuisine is a true reflection of its rich cultural heritage and a feast for food lovers. These are the famous cuisines of sindh
Biryani is a popular dish in Sindh and is made with basmati rice, meat, and a variety of spices. The meat can be chicken, beef, or mutton, and the spices used in the dish include cumin, coriander, cardamom, and cloves. Biryani is typically served with raita, a yogurt-based sauce, and is a staple of Sindh’s cuisine.
Haleem is a rich and flavorful dish made with wheat, lentils, and meat. The dish is slow-cooked for hours, allowing the flavors to meld together and create a delicious, thick porridge-like consistency. The meat used in haleem is usually beef or mutton, and the dish is commonly eaten during Ramadan.
Saag is a vegetable dish that is made with a variety of leafy greens, including spinach, mustard greens, and fenugreek. The greens are cooked with a variety of spices, including garlic, ginger, and cumin, and are often served with roti or naan bread.
- Sindhi Kadhi
Sindhi Kadhi is a sour and spicy dish made with gram flour and a variety of vegetables, including okra, eggplant, and potatoes. The dish is typically served with rice and is a popular dish in Sindh.
Kebabs are a popular street food in Sindh and are made with marinated meat that is grilled over hot coals. The meat used in kebabs can be chicken, beef, or mutton, and the kebabs are typically served with chutney and roti.
Sajji is a traditional dish of Balochistan that is also popular in Sindh. The dish is made with a whole lamb that is marinated with a variety of spices, including cumin, coriander, and red chili powder, and then roasted over hot coals. Sajji is typically served with rice and raita.
Adventures in Sindh: hiking, climbing, and many more
- Hiking in Sindh
Sindh offers a range of trekking opportunities, ranging from short walks to multi-day treks. The Kirthar range, located in the west of Sindh, offers some of the most stunning hiking trails in the region. Trekking in the Kirthar range is a unique experience as it takes you through stunning landscapes, where you can see rare species of animals and plants. The Gorakh Hill Station is another popular spot for hiking, known for its scenic views of the surrounding mountains and valleys.
- Camping in Sindh
Camping is another popular activity in Sindh, with many natural sites providing an ideal location to set up a tent and spend the night. The Keenjhar Lake, the largest freshwater lake in Pakistan, is a popular camping spot, with many visitors setting up tents on the banks of the lake. The Hingol National Park, located in the west of Sindh, is another popular camping site, with its stunning landscapes and diverse wildlife.
- Rock Climbing in Sindh
Rock climbing is another popular activity in Sindh. The Manghopir Rocks, located in the north of Karachi, offer some of the best rock climbing experiences in the region. With a variety of routes and challenges, the Manghopir Rocks are suitable for both beginners and experienced climbers.
- Sightseeing in Sindh
Sindh is also known for its rich cultural heritage, and there are many historical sites and landmarks to explore. The Mohenjo-Daro, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is an ancient city that dates back to 2500 BCE. The Makli Necropolis, located in the city of Thatta, is another UNESCO World Heritage site that contains the tombs of rulers and officials from the 14th to 18th centuries. Other popular tourist attractions include the Shah Jahan Mosque in Thatta and the Chaukhandi Tombs, located on the outskirts of Karachi.
Things you should avoid while traveling to Sindh
Traveling to Sindh, Pakistan can be an exciting and enriching experience, but as with any destination, it’s important to be aware of potential risks and cultural norms to avoid any misunderstandings or issues. Here are some things to avoid while traveling to Sindh:
- Disrespecting local customs and traditions
Sindh has a rich cultural heritage, and it’s important to respect local customs and traditions. Avoid wearing revealing clothing, especially in mosques and other religious sites, and always ask for permission before taking photographs of people or religious sites.
- Showing public displays of affection
Public displays of affection are not socially acceptable in Sindh and can be viewed as disrespectful or even offensive. Avoid kissing, hugging, or holding hands in public.
- Disrespecting religious sites
Sindh is home to several important religious sites, such as mosques and shrines, and it’s important to treat these places with respect. Remove your shoes before entering mosques and refrain from loud talking or inappropriate behavior.
- Eating or drinking in public during Ramadan
During the holy month of Ramadan, Muslims fast from dawn until sunset, and it is considered rude to eat or drink in public during daylight hours. If you are not fasting, it’s best to eat and drink in private or designated areas.
- Being unaware of safety risks
As with any destination, it’s important to be aware of safety risks and take necessary precautions. Avoid traveling alone at night, especially in less populated areas, and be cautious of pickpocketing and theft in crowded places.
- Using offensive language or behavior
Sindh is a diverse region with people of different ethnicities and religions. Avoid using offensive language or making insensitive comments about any particular group of people.
Best time to visit Sindh
Sindh can be visited year-round, but the best time to visit is from November to February when the weather is mild and pleasant. During this time, the temperature is typically between 15°C to 25°C, making it an ideal time to explore the region’s historical sites, beaches, and natural attractions.
Sindh is a fascinating region with a rich history and culture that is waiting to be explored. From the ancient ruins of Mohenjo-Daro to the stunning natural beauty of Gorakh Hill Station, the Travel guide to Sindh offers a unique and diverse range of attractions that will delight any traveler. Whether you’re interested in history, culture, or outdoor adventures, Sindh has something for everyone. So pack your bags and get ready to explore the wonders of Sindh, the land of rich history and culture.